Growing muskmelon seeds and seedlings outdoors

Growing muskmelon seeds and seedlings outdoors

MUSKMELON VARIETIES FOR OPEN SPACES

Orange-Fleshed

WHERE TO GROW MUSKMELON?

Given its southwestern origin — California — the crop should be placed in a well-lit and wind-free location. On open plots, muskmelon can be protected from prevailing winds by “bushes” of sunflower, sorghum, or corn. In crop rotation, the best predecessors are onions, garlic, tomatoes, spice crops, beans, peas, cabbage, eggplant, bell peppers. Muskmelon should not be planted in the same place for several years after squash, carrots.

SOIL PREPARATION

muskmelon needs light soil that is permeable to wind and water, preferably loamy sandy soil. Dry, slightly salty soil can be used for growing muskmelon. The crop does not tolerate thick swampy areas. Stimulating irrigation for weed sprouting after harvest predecessors, elimination of weeds by deep replanting, no on black calcium soils can be done by turning the ground, on turf and other soils do not need to be turned. Compost or humus should be spread on half a bucket with 200–250 grams of ash per 11 square feet.

SEED PREPARATION AND SOWING OF MUSKMELON

Seeds that are 3 to 4 years old should be used for sowing. If sowing with fresh seeds, you may not get female plants, only males. muskmelon seeds should be disinfected with a manganese solution (half an hour) or other preparation before sowing. Be sure to wash them in clean, warm water.

PLANTING MUSKMELON SEEDLINGS

In early May, muskmelon seeds were sown in different containers. They are transferred to the field in early June. A standard seedling (25–30 days) has 3–5 leaves. It is better to prepare the clearing by combing and preparing the seedlings for planting on the ridge. Pots (peat, paper, or other) are filled with a light soil mixture. Moisten the mixture and sow 2–3 squash seeds separately. Place the pots on a common tray at 68–71°F (20–22°C). After germination, leave the strongest buds in the pots and carefully pull off the rest (preferably at the soil level).

PLANTING MUSKMELON MELON SEEDLINGS IN A SEEDBED

Planting muskmelon melon seedlings in a seedbed

OPEN-AIR MUSKMELON CARE

Further care of the culture, sowing and planting of the seedlings is almost identical and consists at least of loosening the soil, which is carried out in the first month only up to the closing of the rows, reaching 6inch (15 cm) and then decreasing to 4inch (10 cm). The soil was loosened only between the rows. During the lateral circulation phase, the melons are gently soaked. When the leaves are close, no-tillage is done.

PROTECTING MUSKMELON FROM PESTS AND DISEASES

Under humid conditions, the roots and above-ground parts of the muskmelon plant quickly become infected with fungal diseases (powdery mildew, anthracnose, fusarium, pearl fungus, etc.). Protective and curative measures can be carried out only with biological agents, according to the recommendations of Phytosporin, Allylene, Gamal, Mycorrhizal, Planriz, and others.

HARVESTING MUSKMELON

Muskmelon is harvested when the fruits are ripe. The preparation for harvesting can be judged by the ease of separation of the fruit from the stalk, the bright color of the skin, and the fine network of cracks covering the skin. A dense network of fine cracks covers fruits that should be used immediately for food and processing.

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